More strategic partnerships on the horizon for Australia's industrial sector
JLL projects another strong year with $21b of capital seeking to deploy into industrial and logistics assets
International occupiers aiming to boost their presence in Australia are driving demand for industrial space as an increasingly diverse range of capital sources continues to seek exposure to the growing market.
JLL's new report, Australian Industrial Investment Review & Outlook 2019, has found that industrial property remains one of the nation’s most sought-after sectors, by both domestic and global players, with Sydney and Melbourne ranked highly among global gateway cities in terms of prime yields.
Industrial highlights 2018
- Around $3.2 billion in industrial investment sales recorded (for transactions of at least $10 million)
- Fourth year in a row that gross take-up for Australia’s industrial floorspace exceeded the 10-year annual average of 2.1 million square metres
- Institutions represented almost half of total transactions by sale volume (for transactions of at least $10 million)
JLL’s Head of Capital Markets, Industrial and Logistics Tony Iuliano said demand for industrial property in Australia would continue to rise, particularly as institutional investors geared their strategies towards greater exposure in the industrial sector and built their industrial investment portfolios.
“We have identified $21 billion of capital wanting to deploy into Australia’s industrial and logistics assets and therefore project another year of strong demand,” Mr Iuliano said.
“With limited prime assets on the market, we project that the capital seeking industrial property will begin to move towards strategic partnerships as an alternative means to gain exposure into the industrial property sector.”
- Read about JLL’s 2019 Shopping Centre Investment Review here
- Read about JLL’s 2019 Office Investment Review here
Several strategic joint venture transactions in 2018 showed that onshore and offshore investors were increasing their allocation to the industrial sector.
“This marriage of equity and expertise allows passive investors to build their exposure to the sector, and have an experienced manager to manage idiosyncratic risk factors,” Mr Iuliano said.
The limited scale of the investable universe continues to be a challenge for investment into the Australian industrial sector, with unprecedented investor demand for low levels of investment-grade stock.
“The competitive environment is extremely high as there is a scarcity of product available to purchase in the Australian market – particularly lacking are opportunities that provide scale,” Mr Iuliano said.
“There was, and will continue to be, limited opportunity to purchase assets over 2019 – particularly assets of scale – in excess of $10 million.
“Over the past few years, portfolio transactions have been one of the dominant channels in accessing scale, as well as range – in terms of geographical diversification and occupier range.
“Fewer portfolio offerings have occurred over the past 12 months and this resulted in the acquisitions of secondary-grade stock in infill locations, particularly over the first half of 2018.”
With the Australian industrial market in a process of adjustment amid globalisation of the industrial sector, JLL has benchmarked global industrial markets in terms of prime yields by city.
In 2018, Melbourne (5.9 per cent) and Sydney (5.3 per cent) rank among 18 markets ranging from 3.5 per cent in London to 11.8 per cent in Moscow.
“In this context, Sydney and Melbourne remain attractively priced relative to a number of gateway cities,” Mr Iuliano said.
The report also identifies the Australian industrial market’s key drivers which include the expanding e-commerce sector, a greater focus on an agile supply chain network, the growing food and grocery sector and increased investment in technology and automation.
JLL’s Director, Research – Australia Sass J-Baleh said: “To have a presence and an effective supply chain network servicing the Australian market, it’s crucial that an occupier has an established facility in every state and not solely in the east coast market.
“As both existing players and new market entrants seek to set up and strengthen their supply chain networks, demand for space in strategic locations will continue to rise across all Australian cities.”
Take-up levels nationally can be attributed to new entrants to the market and business expansion rather than operation relocation, with the transport-logistics and retail sectors accounting for 60 per cent of the total take-up of industrial floorspace in Australia in 2018.
Based on the International Monetary Fund (IMF) forecast, Australia’s projected growth rates for the volume of imported and exported goods is around 6 per cent per annum between now and 2023 – stronger than those of many of its trading partners.
“Increased trade flows affect industrial property demand – particularly around major industrial infrastructure including ports, intermodal terminals and motorway networks – and boosts warehouse and logistics activity,” Ms J-Baleh said.
“We can expect a rise in industrial activity from an increasing volume of physical goods circulating within warehouses and transported across local, domestic and international distribution networks.”
An imminent e-commerce boom in Australia is also set to benefit the industrial sector.
Australia’s online share of retail sales reached 5.5 per cent in 2018, surging from just 1.8 per cent in 2013. In the US, where the 2018 share is 9.8 per cent, it took nine years to achieve the same level in 2012.
Ms J-Baleh said that compared to the US, Australia’s online share of total retail sales was at a six-year lag.
“When the same annual growth rate that occurred in the US between 2012 and 2018 is applied to Australia, its online share is set to increase to 10.1 per cent by 2024,” she said.
“To note, this growth rate is conservative as Australia has achieved a higher growth rate of online retail sales over the past few years that the US during their booming years between 2002 and 2007.”
JLL (NYSE: JLL) is a leading professional services firm that specializes in real estate and investment management. Our vision is to reimagine the world of real estate, creating rewarding opportunities and amazing spaces where people can achieve their ambitions. In doing so, we will build a better tomorrow for our clients, our people and our communities. JLL is a Fortune 500 company with annual revenue of $16.3 billion, operations in over 80 countries and a global workforce of over 90,000 as of December 31, 2018. JLL is the brand name, and a registered trademark, of Jones Lang LaSalle Incorporated. For further information, visit jll.com